The drug Mukaltin is an expectorant.
The drug can be purchased in the form of a round-gray round-gray tablets. Sold in packing several pieces.
The main active ingredient is altea extract.
Additional elements: Wine acid, sodium bicarboat, calcium stearate.
The active ingredient of the medication activates the secretion of bronchial glands. Due to this, the separation of mucus increases, the action of the fixed epithelium increases. All this in aggregate accelerates the process of removal of sputum of the respiratory organs. The tool suppresses the process of inflammation of the mucous membrane, which is associated with damage to the fabrics when coughing.
In what cases are effective
Many cough specialists prescribe Mukaltin's patients. It helps to ring the sputum. Also effective with such diseases:
It is worth not only to understand how to properly use the drug to adults and babies, but also to know that the medicine helps only facilitate the state of the patient. For the treatment of the disease itself and eliminate its source, only Mukaltine will not accept enough. In this case, integrated therapy is necessary. The drug increases the effectiveness of other medicines against infectious diseases.
Before deciding with the method of reception and dose, it is worth consulting with a specialist. Many patients are aware, in what cases the drug is effective and take pills themselves, without thinking about possible consequences. Such actions can only worsen the situation and the disease will take a chronic form, since severe respiratory diseases cannot be cured without using antibiotics.
All questions regarding acceptance must be discussed with the attending physician.
Instructions for use
The optimal dose for children and adults is determined by a specialist. The medicine must be taken 30 minutes before meals. An adult patient for 1 reception is enough 2 tablets. Per day is possible up to 4 receptions. Tablets need to be dissolved as candy or use in the form of a solution. The necessary daily dose must be dissolved in the floor of a drinking water. If the pill swallow, then you need to be powered by a sufficient amount of water.
In the instructions for the child it is said that from the age of 12, you can give the same dose as an adult person. Toddles at the age of 3-12 years old give 1 tablet 3 times a day with an interval at least 3 hours.
The drug is allowed for pregnant women only in the 3M trimester, but the dosage should not be at the same time. If there are chronic pathologies, the possibility of taking medication is determined by the doctor. Pregnant women should refuse to receive when gastritis and diabetes mellitus. The same situation when breastfeeding. The question is solved individually. In contraindications, nothing is said about the period of lactation, if the drug does not lead to allergic reactions in matter and its baby.
The duration of therapeutic kusa is no longer 2 weeks. During pregnancy - up to 7 days. The drug is used in comprehensive treatment.
Mukaltin is contraindicated in the following cases:
The medicine practically does not cause negative reactions. If you neglect the set therapy scheme or to engage in self-medication, allergic may appear or the state to be acted.
Overdose cases are not established.
The drug can be bought at the pharmacy without a doctor's prescription.
Shelf life - 24 months from the date of production (specified on the package). Do not use after the expiration date. Store in a dry place at a temperature of 10-15 degrees.
Many experts advise the use of Mukaltin in parallel with Bromgexin. This will reduce the amount of viscosity in the respiratory tract and facilitates the condition of the bronchi.
Application during pregnancy
Pregnancy and lactation period do not apply to the number of contraindications. In 1 trimester it is worth abandoning medication. In 2 and 3 trimester to take with caution.
Mukaltin for children
The use of medicine depends on the manufacturer's company. Many of them argue that to take the drug to children under 2 years old needed very carefully and under the constant supervision of a specialist. Todders up to 12 months try not to assign means.
Add to the number of good analogues include:
Perptissine. The medicine in the form of a syrup and a solution for oral administration has an expectorant effect. Used by adults and children.
Gedelix. The means of plant origin has spasmolitical and expectorant effect. Appoint adults and children over 2 years old.
Pektasin. The preparation in the form of tablets has an anesthetic and anti-inflammatory effect. You can use from 7 years of age.
Altea syrup. A drug that has anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect. Used by adults and children.
Reviews of the preparation
The drug has most positive feedback. A minor part is neutral. The medicine does not have toxic impact, does not cause unpleasant and uncomfortable sensations. Parents who gave Mukaltin children confirm the effectiveness of the drug during complex treatment. The tool manifests itself in infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract. At the first SMI symptoms, when the process of the formation of sputum has not yet been formed, you should not give pills to a child.
Definition of medicineMukaltin
He is a group representativeExpectorant drugs
created on the basis of the root extract and the leaves of the plant called Altei Drug. This drug and its analogs are a mixture of polysaccharides capable of ignitingMocrot
and accelerate its removal from the bronchial drone by stimulating the oscillatory movements of the focusing epithelium of the respiratory tract. In addition, the drug helps to strengthen the secretion of liquid mucus with bronchial glands, with which the hydration of the inflamed respiratory epithelium is carried out and, as a result, reducing the frequency of cough jolts. When using Mukaltinacough
It becomes productive and less painful.
To date, there is no reliable data on the effect of the drug onintrauterine development of the fruit
Therefore, the drug can be used as well as pregnant women with diseases accompanied by a viscous sputum formation. Due to the softness of the action, the drug is shown and children of all ages. Mukaltin is partially metabolized in the liver and is excreted by the kidneys. The half-life is 6 hours, accordingly, Mukaltin should be taken for a persistent effect 3 - 4 times a day.
Due to the fact that the drug is produced by a large number of pharmacological companies, its composition may include a number of additives with a certain effect. For example, sodium bicarbonate (baking soda
) Enhances the dilution effect of the active substance, but negatively affects the mucous membraneStomach
. Various sweeteners and dyes can also lead to a number of undesirable effects in patients.diabetes
Types of medicine, commercial names of analogs, output
Mukaltine is produced in tablet and liquid form. The tablet shape is used mainly to treat patients over 4 years old. For children under 4 years old, the analogues of Mukaltina containing the same active substance produced in the form of syrups are used more often.
Mukaltin is one of the few drugs, which is produced by various pharmacological companies under the same unified name. To date, there is only a simple form of this drug, produced in three dosages - 50, 100 and 120 mg. In order to use secretolithics with extended action, they are resorted to the use of the drug "Ambroxol
Firms manufacturers Mukaltina
|Firm manufacturer||Commercial name drug||Producing country||Form release||Dosage|
|Irbit Himfarmzavod||Mukaltin||Russia||Tablets 50 mg||Adults The drug is shown at a dose of 50 mg 4 times a day. In case of severe infections of the air pathways, it is recommended to use in a double dose - 100 mg 4 times a day along with antibiotics. Children over 12 years old The drug is shown at a dose of 50 - 75 mg 3 - 4 times a day. Children 4 - 12 years old Assign 50 mg 3 times a day. Children up to 4 years It is recommended to prescribe the syrups of the drug altea or dissolve one tablet ( 50 mg ) In a small amount of warm water and consumption in the form of a solution 3 times a day. The duration of the course of treatment depends on the specific disease and its gravity and averages 7 - 14 days.|
|GNSLS Experienced Plant Ltd.||Mukaltin||Ukraine|
|KyivdPreparat.||Mukaltin Forte||Ukraine||Chewable tablets 100 mg|
|PFP. HEMI||Altea||Poland||Syrup 5%||Analogs in the form of a syrup are used in the same dosage as tablets, in terms of the active ingredient. This form of the drug is preferable to destination for children.|
|FC Health||Altemika||Ukraine||Syrup 25 mg / 5 ml|
Mechanism of therapeutic action of medication
Mukaltin is a drug based on the extract of leaves and the root of the althea of the medicinal. This extract is a mixture of polysaccharides with a secretolithic and secretory action.
The drug is well absorbed both from the oral cavity and from the underlying departments of the digestive tract. The main proportion of the drug enters the blood through the stomach, after which it is metabolized in the liver. After passing through the liver, the drug affects the mucus-forming cells of the whole organism and leads to the allocation of an increased amount of less viscous secret. The already formed wet clots formed with most inflammatory respiratory diseases, Mukaltin has a diluting effect by simplifying the structure of polysaccharides included in their composition.
In addition, Mukaltin directly stimulates the operation of the respiratory epithelium. The epithelium of the respiratory tract consists of numerous small vests that make vibrational movements towards the nasal cavity. Through such movements from the surface of the epithelium, microorganisms and dust particles are removed by mucus during the respiration. As the wet viscosity decreases, it covers the thin layer of the inflamed areas of the bronchial tresh and reduces irritation. Thus, the frequency of cough jesters is pepped, and the cough becomes less painful and productive.
After 4 - 6 hours, part of the drug is derived from the body kidneys and the above effects weaken. Accordingly, Mukaltin is not less than 3 to 4 times a day to maintain a constant optimal concentration in the blood.
What pathologies are assigned?
Mukaltin is shown for the treatment of both acute and chronic diseases of the bronchopulmonary system, accompanied by an increase in sputum viscosity. In addition, the drug reduces the irritation of the respiratory tract, and with this the pain and cough frequency.
Application of the drug Mukaltin
|Name of the disease||Mechanism of therapeutic action||Dosage preparation|
|Pneumonia||The drug reduces the viscosity of sputum by simplifying the structure of polysaccharides, of which it consists. Impacting at producing mucus cells, mucaltine leads to a secretion of more than less viscous sputum. In addition, the drug stimulates the separation activity of the respiratory epithelium and reduces the frequency and soreness of cough.||The drug is appointed both adults and children during or after meals with a small amount of fluid. The course of treatment takes an average of 7 to 14 days. Adults Take the drug 3 - 4 times a day at 50 - 100 mg, depending on the severity of the underlying disease. The optimal daily dose for children over 12 years from 150 to 200 mg in 4 reception. If necessary, it can be increased to 300 mg in 4 receptions. Children 4 - 12 years old The drug is shown 3 - 4 times a day at 50 mg. Children under 4 The drug is prescribed as a solution or syrup 3 times a day. The solution is prepared immediately before use. In 50 ml of warm water, an integer or extractive tablet of the drug is placed and is stirred until complete dissolution.|
|Acute and chronic bronchitis|
|Pneumoconiosis (Silicosis, Asbestosis, Antraz, etc.)|
|Cough of unspecified etiology|
|Mukobovysidosis||Due to the fact that patients with this congenital pathology are forced throughout their lives to make mercolics, there is a high probability of developing side effects. In order to minimize them in the first few days, the drug is prescribed in the middle dose, after which the daily dose is reduced by 5 - 10 mg daily. Reducing the dose continues until the desired effect is maintained. Thus, the minimum effective dose with minimal side effects is achieved.|
Contraindications for the use of the drug
Mukaltin (Extract Altea Medicinal
It is relatively soft according to the effect produced by the drug, so it does not have a large number of contraindications. Nevertheless, the drug should not be used in the occurrence of allergic reactions, as well as in the presence of a patientulcer of stomach and / or duodenal
How to apply medication?
Mukaltin is applied at a dose of 50 - 100 mg (1 - 2 tablets
) Every 6 to 8 hours. It is desirable that the reception of the drug coincides with meals in order to reduce the likelihood of side effects. The duration of the course of treatment varies from one to two weeks, however, with certain diseases, the drug can be used much longer. Due to the fact that the mechanism of action of this drug is associated with an increase in the excretion of the fluid, it is important to fill its reserves in the body in a timely manner. To do this, it is recommended to drink at least 2.5 liters of fluid during the day (water, dairy products, juices, frosts, etc.
). With concomitant intense physical exertion and fever, the daily fluid consumption should increase to 4-5 liters.
The drug is used to treat bronchopulmonary diseases associated with sputum thickening in patients of all ages.
The drug is prescribedAdults
In a daily dose of 150 - 400 mg at 3 - 4 receptions.Children over 12 years old
Mukaltin is shown at 50 - 75 mg 3 - 4 times a day depending on the severity of the underlying disease.Children from 4 to 12 years
Reception of the drug 3 - 4 times a day at 50 mg.Children up to 4 years
The drug is prescribed in the form of tablets or solutions of its own preparation 3 times a day at a dose of no more than 50 mg per reception.
In the case of a patient associatedrenal failure
The risk of accumulation of the drug in the body and the development of side effects of its use is increasing. In such a situation, it is necessary to reduce the dosage of the drug or take it through increased intervals.
Possible side effects
Mukaltin relatively rarely causes the development of side effects, however, in the practice of using the drug, certain disorders were recorded from the gastrointestinal tract and allergic reactions. The frequency of these side effects increases with the long-term use of high doses of the drug.
Violations of the digestive systemAmong the disorders from the gastrointestinal tract are distinguished:
The mucous membrane of the stomach, as well as the remaining mucous membranes, responds to the use of mucaltine thinning of the mucous layer. Unlike the bronchial tree, where this effect of the drug is positive, in the case of the digestive system, it is different, since the mucous layer is a protective function. When it is destroyed, an increase in the corrosive of the gastric juice on the epithelium of the stomach is occur. As a result, erosion first appear, and then ulcers, causing pain, nausea, vomiting, fear of eating food, decreased appetite, etc.
Allergic reactions are a consequence of the violation of the tolerance of the immune system with respect to a certain substance, in a particular case - to Mukaltina. As a result of allergyizing the body, which occupies at least one to two weeks, a large number of antibodies andlymphocyte
, Sensitized against Mukaltina. These antibodies are circulated in the blood for a long time and attackallergen
When it is repeated contact with the organism. In this case, an inflammatory response is developing, significantly higher than the scale adequate response to any damaging factor.Mukaltin is able to cause the following manifestations of allergies: Hives
The urticaria is perhaps the most frequent skin manifestation of an allergic reaction. It usually appears after the allergen hit in the digestive tract. The first manifestation of urticaria is smallrash
often accompanied by skinItching
. Localizes rash on the body, buttocks, hips, elbow bends, in groin and other places. The rash first is single, 1 - 2 cm in diameter, bright red or pink, slightly protrudes over the body surface. As the disease progresses, the rash merges and becomes more convex, forming blisters with a diameter of tens of centimeters.Sweet Qincke
This pathology develops at the allergen contact with the mucous membranes of the mouth, less frequently of the nasal cavity (When inhaling the particles of the drug
). As a result, an inflammatory reaction occurs, involving mainly loose connective tissue. This particular feature explains the manifestations of the disease -edema
eyelids and fraginal fiber, lips, cheeks, uches, neck, pressed and subcircuit pits, germ and scrotum. The danger of the disease is that in the absence of medical care, edema can spread to voice ligaments and lead to their closure. The closure of voice ligaments means stopping the breath and the death of a patient from choking. With an acute angioedema edema, a patient has from a few minutes to half an hour to seek medical attention. In a chronic edema - on average up to 12 hours.Anaphylaxis
Anaphylactic shock is an emergency state accompanied by a sharp decline.Arterial pressure
In response to the contact of the body with an allergen. The cause of such a pronounced body reaction is a massive immune attack of allergen particles that are in peripheral blood. As a result, a large amount of vasoactive substances stand out in the blood (Biological compounds that can increase the diameter of the vessels
) leading to a decrease in blood pressure to a state of collapse (blood pressure is zero
). In such conditions, the oxygen starvation of all tissues and organs occurs. Especially sensitive to the lack of oxygen is the nervous fabric, so the brain reacts first. Symptoms of brain damage are pronouncedweakness
, dizziness, nausea, decline in hearing, darkening in the eyes and loss of consciousness.
This condition requires immediate drug interference with the use of substances that narrow the diameter of the vessels and restoring normal blood pressure indicators (Adrenaline, Dopamine, Dobutamin, Dexamethasone, Atropine, etc.
). In the absence of necessary medicines, it is necessary to artificially support blood circulation and the supply of brain by external massagehearts
and artificial respiration before the arrival of a special ambulance brigade. In the absence of data of manipulations, clinical death occurs on average after 6 minutes from the moment of the loss of consciousness.
Interaction with other medicines
Mukaltin is not recommended to use with drugs depressing the cough center, as it prevents the removal of sputum from the lumen of the bronchi. The accumulation of mucus, in turn, provides favorable conditions for the growth and reproduction of microbes and leads to the mainstream of the inflammatory process.
The use of Mukaltina in aggregate with antibiotic therapy has proven itself, since this drug increases the concentration of antibacterial agents in the lumen of the bronchi and leads to a more effective combating microorganisms that caused inflammation.
Approximate cost of medication
The cost of Mukaltina in pharmacies of various regions of Russia is different. Price difference is due to various preparations, packaging, manufacturer brand, transport costs, etc.
The average cost of Mukaltina in various cities of the Russian Federation
|City||The average cost of the drug|
|Pills ( 50 mg ) 10 pieces.|